This article looks at the world's top vanilla producers and analyzes the market.
Vanilla production in world history, ideas and the region
Vanilla is a spice that is mainly used to flavor dishes. Vanilla is a genus derived from Mexico and the Middle East known as a plant leaf.
Vanilla is a Spanish term known asVainillawhich was later translated into a simple term asVainilla. Many people around the world participatedvanilla cropfrom the middle of the 17th century and before. The term "Tillyhochiti' is used to grow vanilla vines and orchids.
For the most part, vanilla can be grown in various regions of the world; through the last process of pollination. Pollination is a term used for the transfer of pollen grains from the anther of one flower to the stigma of another flower of the same species, followed by the style and ovary.
According to a comprehensive study on the cultivation of vanilla, a Belgian botanist discovered the phenomenon that a vanilla plant can be artificially pollinated. It was then found that the respective study was false and declared unfeasible. Many other botanists agreed and disagreed in claiming to use it in global markets.
A few years later, a French boy; who, at just 12 years old and serving as a slave on the French island, discovered the idea that the vanilla plant could be pollinated by hand.
Many other botanists tried to prove him wrong, but his ideas were strong enough with various shreds of evidence. At the end of the 20th century, his statement was accepted by the world's botanical experts and declared the true discoverer of all time.
If we take a closer look at vanilla production, there are currently three main types grown in the world.
One species is cultivated in Mesoamerica and some parts of Mexico. They are considered to be of the genus V. Plant Folia. The genus V. Tahitians is found in the South Pacific and V. Pompoms are found in major regions of Africa and western India.
However, the main type of vanilla is V. Plant Folia, commonly known as Bourbon vanilla. Apart from these species, Madagascar vanilla is mainly found in Madagascar and its neighboring countries such as Taiwan, Indonesia and some parts of the Indian Ocean.
According to the latest research on vanilla production, Madagascar and Indonesia produce more than two thirds of all vanilla in the world.
Vanilla is then considered the second most expensive spice.SafranYSafran Saffronbecause its seeds are laborious.
Vanilla can be highly favored in both commercial and domestic products such as perfumery, confectionery, and aromatherapy (extensive use of aromatic materials).
vanilla production in the world
Mexico is recognized as one of the main producers of vanilla (genus V. Plant Folia), which belongs to the Mesoamerican family of orchids.
The particular species is considered to be the family of plants ("orchids"), which is probably one of the largest producers of vanilla of all the families of flowering plants.
The largest and most original inhabitants of Mexico dedicated themselves to the cultivation sector of the vanilla genus.
After the participation of the European Union in the cultivation of vanilla, Mexico then declared itself the only champion of vanilla cultivation, which was also chosen as the first place to distribute the delicate flavors and excellent aromas of vanilla in various regions. of the world.
Mexico has been in the driver's seat for over 6 decades. They were associated with the vanilla supply chain well into the 19th century. But with the passage of time and the advancement of technology, as well as the best cultivation ideas, Mexico failed to maintain the leading place in vanilla production.
Although they are still present in the world's main vanilla production locations, African and Asian ones are currently unrivaled. They have displaced Mexico from the leadership position and claimed greater shares in world vanilla markets.
World's Leading Vanilla
According to the latest and new research, Madagascar is the largest vanilla producing country producing around 2926 tons of vanilla every year.
Next up is Indonesia, which produces nearly 2,305 tons of vanilla each year and showcases the latest and best agricultural practices from Africa and Asia in modern vanilla markets.
China also produces vanilla of good quality and quantity, close to 1,000 tons, followed by Mexico, which produces 520 tons.
The latest facts and figures suggest that the Mexican vanilla industry has to work harder and harder to regain the top spot. They must reverse their fortunes and regain their elite place in the world market despite their lavish and proud history of vanilla production.
Naturally cultivated and cultivated vanilla is considered the second most expensive spice after saffron. This is due to his intensive study of current production methods and methods. For these reasons, the vanilla industry has become increasingly volatile in the modern cultivation market.
A record price was set in 2003, the price of vanilla rose to $500/kg, prompting the global farming community to rush to new markets and new hopes of capitalizing on the lucrative crop.
By the end of 2010, the main vanilla producers in various regions of the world, including Mexico; they lost their top spots and prices plummeted to $30/kg. This was due to drought and many natural disasters in the vanilla growing and production areas. In addition, a fungus infestation was recorded in these regions, displacing several countries trying to retain their leading positions and more stable opportunities.
Largest Vanilla Producing Regions in the World
According to research by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), there are several of the largest vanilla-producing regions in the world; responsible for the main world production of vanilla.
There are various organizations in the world, including the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), that deal with all agricultural sectors of the world. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) collects and summarizes vanilla production around the world, country by country and continent by continent.
The largest producer of vanilla in the world
Vanilla production has served as an important economic resource for centuries. The vanilla product has always been an important and interesting sector to watch as it is much needed and a major source of income. Although vanilla was considered "Green Gold" in ancient times due to its high economic value after saffron.
Also, vanilla served as a source of food and other useful products. The vanilla plant (Vanilla Platifolia) is used as a food product, fragrance, and various raw materials in the food industry, including ice cream, cookies, cakes, bread, sugar, etc.
There are several ways to introduce vanilla into the pharmaceutical industry. These products are widely used to kill bacteria and germs and remove unpleasant odors.
If we take a closer look at the vanilla production regions, we see Mexico, the Caribbean, South America, and various regions of South Asia. The particular plant is generally included in the family (orchid tree) known as Orchidaceae. Most of the species of the respective members are considered ornamental species.
Vanilla production based on continents
According to the latest research from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2019, known as the specialized agency of the United Nations (UN); is responsible for the peace and harmony of the world with each other.
In addition to these topics, they also focus on agricultural sectors around the world. The FAO published data on vanilla-producing countries that gave a clear picture of vanilla production in those regions. They specified that vanilla production reached 7,815 tons at the end of 2019. The total area planted with vanilla is 102,440 hectares. There is no denying this statement that the continents of Asia, Africa and the Americas continue to be among the main centers of vanilla production.
According to a special study by the FAO, Africa (3,427 tons) produces 44% of the total world production of vanilla, Asia (3,060 tons) produces 40%, Oceania (706 tons) 9% and America (522 tons). 6.8% of total production.
Ranking of the largest vanilla-producing countries in the world
If we take a closer look at vanilla production from a country perspective, there are several vanilla producing countries mainly from Asia, Africa and the Americas. Here are the brief descriptions of the largest vanilla-producing countries in the world along with their growing economic conditions:
Top 5 Vanilla Producers in the World
Madagascar is considered the largest vanilla-producing region in the world, contributing almost 50% of the total vanilla production (according to the 2019 FAO study).
If we remember the history of vanilla, we can assume that this plant has been cultivated and produced since the time of French colonialism.
The history of vanilla shows that the development of the vanilla plant cannot be separated from the inventor of vanilla, a boy who was only 12 years old; He invented the hand-crossing method for self-pollination of plants.
In 1841, a French boy named Edmond Albius invented the hand and stick pollination method. He was considered the true discoverer of all time, proposing the stick and hand method of pollination that was initially difficult to implement.
In 2019, according to research on world vanilla production; Madagascar produces 3,217 tons of vanilla. Geographically, the northern part of Madagascar is considered the center point of vanilla production. Sambava, Andapa, Vohemar and Anthawaha are the main vanilla-producing areas in the country. Most of the vanilla produced in these regions is exported abroad.
In 2017, Madagascar exported almost 1,700 tons of vanilla.
Indonesia has a good hand in the world's vanilla production, which is said to be the second largest vanilla-producing country in the world.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), vanilla production in the region reached 2,329 tons in 2019, which represents around 52.9% of the production exported to other parts of the world to obtain the maximum profit. foreign exchange.
Indonesia earns about US$87.84 million per year from these exports. Vanilla producing regions are West Java, Central Java, North Sumatra, NTT, Papua, Sulawesi and Yogyakarta.
Mexico also has a good hand in vanilla production, which is said to be the third largest vanilla-producing country in the world.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), vanilla production in the region reached 522 tons in 2019.
Vanilla produced in Mexico is widely used in many useful products such as cakes, cookies, yogurt, candies, beverages, and to flavor milk. Also, Mexican vanilla and its products are very famous in the United States as "Molina Vanilla". Most vanilla growing areas are Totonacapan, Oaxaca, Puebla and Veracruz.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea Vanilla
According to the latest FAO study of 2019, Papua New Guinea is the fourth largest vanilla-producing region in the world. This particular region produces around 495 tons of vanilla.
This country produces two types of vanilla:
•Bourbon (vanilla platifolia)
• Tahitiano (V. Tahitensis)
Most of Papua New Guinea's vanilla-producing regions are located in the eastern part of the country.
China is the fifth largest region in the world in terms of vanilla production.
In 2019, China was declared the country most affected by multiple national disasters, but still managed to make it to the highest list in the world.
China reached around 379 tons of vanilla production, according to the FAO. Although China has faced many natural disasters that caused vanilla production to stop.
The government has been trying to take the necessary steps to develop vanilla development projects in Yunnan province, which will cover an area of around 130 hectares and more.